Gum-related problems appear when teeth are not kept clean enough. This may lead to serious infection, gum disease and even severe pain. Tandarts Jordaan discusses two types of gum diseases, namely gingivitis and periodontitis.
Bacteria can attach to the surface area of your teeth and in combination with daily food-residue, it forms plaque. This is why thorough cleaning of your teeth are essential, without which plaque hardens into tartar. Tartar has a rough surface-composition which accentuates the rate at which bacterial deposits attach to surfaces of the tooth. If you have an excess of bacteria present or forming in your mouth, your gums will eventually become inflamed. This is called gingivitis and are treated and healed through the removal of the tartar.
Inflamed gums will swell up and allow plaque and tartar to form under the gumline. This will eventually lead to damage and deformation of the gums caused by bacterial build-up. Eventually, the bacteria penetrates all the way to the cheekbone and causes infection, often causing bone loss around the base of regular or wisdom teeth (periodontitis). If the bone loss continues, it eventually results in loose teeth (including wisdoms) and ultimately loss of teeth (including potentially wisdoms).
If you have periodontitis, you require periodontal treatment which entails cleaning under the gumline to prevent further bone loss.
Typical complaints associated with gum disease
Inflammation of your gums typically worsens over time. As the inflammation progresses slowly, people are often not aware of the fact that they have inflamed gums, as their gums feel the same to them.
Symptoms of inflamed gums
If you suffer from gum disease, you may present with the following symptoms:
- Bleeding gums. Your gums should not bleed during brushing, the use of dental sticks or flossing.
- Swollen gums, often causing there to be insufficient space between your teeth to clean with dental sticks.
- Very red gums.
- Bad breath, due to inflammation caused by residual bacteria, which causes an unpleasant odour.
- Constant fatigue, as the continuous inflammation causes your immune system to constantly work to combat inflammation, using a lot of energy.
- Loose teeth, due to bone loss caused by long-term inflammation.
Do you want to check if you have a gum infection?
Do you have any questions regarding the health of your gums? You may contact us at any time via our contact pages. Or perhaps you have problems with your gums? OUr advice is to make an appointment at Tandarts Jordaan and select a date and time that suits you best. Tandarts Jordaaan is open until 21h30 on several days of the week, if your choice is to come by in the evening. In addition, Tandarts Jordaan is also open on Sundays. If anything is unclear, please contact us right away.
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